User Management and Security

Accessing Nx Cloud

Managing Members

You can use Nx Cloud organizations to manage permissions.

When you create a new organization, you are its only member and admin. You can invite other users using their emails, or using an email domain, in which case everyone under the same domain can join the organization. You can also make sure that members have to log in using their external identity provider (e.g., Google). In this case, if a member loses access to their Google account they will automatically lose the ability to access Nx Cloud.

You can set one of the two roles for everyone you invited:

  • Admin (can view runs and stats, edit organization/workspace, modify billing, invite other users, etc.)

  • Member (can view runs and stats, but cannot make any changes to any of the workspaces)

Public Organizations

Sometimes you don't have a known list of members (for instance, for an open-source project). In this case you can change the organization's type to  "public". In a public organization, everyone (including those without an Nx Cloud account) can see and do everything an organization member can see and do.

Nx CLI and Access Tokens

The permissions and membership define what developers can access on They don't affect what happens when you run Nx commands locally or on CI. To manage that, you need to provision access tokens. To do that, go to Workspace Options / Manage Access Tokens.

There are two types of tokens:

  • Read - stores metadata about runs and reads cached artifacts, supports distributed task execution.

  • Read-write - stores metadata about runs, reads and writes cached artifacts, supports distributed task execution.

Setting Access Tokens

Let's see how access tokens work.

If you open your nx.json, you will see something like this:

{ "tasksRunnerOptions": { "default": { "runner": "@nrwl/nx-cloud", "options": { "accessToken": "SOMETOKEN", "cacheableOperations": [ "build", "test", "lint", "e2e" ] } } } }

If you remove the accessToken property from the configuration, the runner will run all commands as if you were not connected to Nx Cloud. This essentially turns off Nx Cloud.

Setting a Different Access Token in CI

You can also configure the access token by setting the NX_CLOUD_ACCESS_TOKEN environment variable. NX_CLOUD_ACCESS_TOKEN takes precedence over the accessToken property. It's common to have a read-only token stored in nx.json and a read-write token set via NX_CLOUD_ACCESS_TOKEN in CI.


Data is encrypted both at rest and in transit.

  • Every communication with the Nx Cloud API is encrypted, including fetching/storing artifacts.

  • When using Nx Public Cloud, the stored metadata is encrypted.

  • When using Nx Public Cloud, stored artifacts are encrypted using e2e encryption.

  • When using Nx Private Cloud, the stored metadata is encrypted if you run MongoDB yourself with encryption on (or if you, for instance, use CosmosDB)

  • When using Nx Private Cloud, stored artifacts are encrypted using e2e encryption.

You can set the encryptionKey property in nx.json or set the NX_CLOUD_ENCRYPTION_KEY environment variable to enable the e2e encryption of your artifacts. In this case, the artifacts will be encrypted/encrypted on your machine.

Security Concerns and Setups

The following are the three commonly used setups.

Setup 1: Only main branch has a read-write access token

  • A read-only access token is specified in nx.json.

  • A read-write access token is set using the NX_CLOUD_ACCESS_TOKEN env variable in CI only for CI runs on the main/master/development branch.

  • The encryptionKey value is set in nx.json.

In this setup, only builds run against the main branch in CI can upload artifacts to the shared cache that will be used by pull requests and local commands. No one can affect the result of running a command in a pull request or someone else's machine unless they know the read-write token set in CI. This assumes that they have the admin/owner access to the organization in CI. So there is no way to substitute any artifact without knowing the token.

The distributed task execution (DTE) enabled by Nx Cloud works with read-only tokens (so it works for pull requests as well), but the artifacts are scoped to that execution. In other words, artifacts created by a read-only DTE run cannot be accessed by other runs or through the Nx Cloud distributed cache.

The downside of this approach is that pull requests and local commands benefit from the computation run on the main branch, but the main branch doesn't benefit from the computation performed, for instance, on a pull request.

Setup 2: CI has a read-write access token

  • A read-only token is specified in nx.json.

  • A read-write access token is set using NX_CLOUD_ACCESS_TOKEN env variable in CI and is used for pull requests and the main branch.

  • The encryptionKey value is set in nx.json.

This can drastically speed up the CI run against the main branch. The downside is that it is possible for a PR to upload a broken artifact that will be pulled by the main branch and then deployed. To make sure this doesn't happen the CI pipeline can rebuild the artifact, skipping the cache before any deployment. With this, a broken artifact cannot affect the deployment but can temporarily affect what is downloaded on the main branch.

Setup 3: A read-write access token is stored in nx.json

  • A read-write token is specified in nx.json.

This can speed up CI and local development. The computation performed locally can be shared among developers and CI agents.

Deciding on a Setup

In small close-sourced projects where developers have similar setups, it's common to have one read-write token shared by all the developers. The token is stored in nx.json. Every developer can write artifacts to the cache. Other developers and CI agents can read those values. This assumes a high degree of trust. As with Setup 2, you can still rebuild the artifact from scratch before any deployment.

In large organizations, it's common to have a read token set in nx.json and a read-write token set as an NX_CLOUD_ACCESS_TOKEN env variable in CI. Developers can benefit from the computation performed on CI but cannot affect the CI execution. Depending on how much you want to isolate the main branch, and what you do with the cached artifacts, you can select between Setup 1 or Setup 2.

Revoking Access Tokens

Generally, there is no need to revoke access tokens. To affect the computation run against, say, the main branch, you need to know the computation hash of the command you are trying to affect. You can only know the hash by running the command, so you need to have access to the latest HEAD of the main branch. 

That's why when a developer loses access to the source code, they lose the ability to know the computation hash. They cannot affect any computation even if they know a read-write access token.

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